An electric car is a car that uses at least one electric motor for propulsion, the energy of which comes from rechargeable batteries. Despite looking like a new transportation technology, electric cars were actually first produced in the 1880s.
Electric cars gained popularity in the late 19th century and early 20th century, but advances in internal combustion engines and fuel technologies stopped their growth. With electric starters introduced and mass production of more affordable gas-powered cars occurred, the fall of electric vehicles was inevitable.
In 2008, electric cars began to rise again thanks to advances in batteries. In addition, people started to concern about their health and the health of environment, as well as deaths caused by air pollution. There was also the desire to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
Some local and national governments have implemented incentives for electric cars, subsidies, tax credits, and other types of incentives to push EV adoption in the market. The amount of incentives often depends on the size of battery, the range of the electric car and its price tag.
Currently, the highest tax credit permitted by the United States is $7,500 for each vehicle. The most striking difference between electric cars and cars with internal combustion engines is that electric cars cut out engine noise. They also come with no tailpipe emissions and guarantees less emissions in general.
As the global electrification goes on, many automobile manufacturers are ready to spend hundreds of billions of dollars over next decade on electric vehicles, with nearly half of that money poured in China.
An electric car can be charged at various charging stations, whether the ones installed in houses or in public places. So far, there are two top selling electric cars, namely the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S, both of which offer EPA-rated ranges up to 151 miles (243 kilometers) and 370 miles (600 kilometers) respectively.
The number one best-selling highway-capable electric car ever is the Leaf. Its sales have passed the 400,000 mark on March 2019. The second most bought EV is the Tesla Model S which hit 400,000 sales a few months after the Leaf.
There are already millions of light-, medium-, and heavy-duty fully electric and hybrid vehicles in use across the globe. In spite of the fast growth seen, the world’s stock of all-electric cars represented only about 1 out of every 250 vehicles on the planet by December 2018.
The plug-in hybrid segment is transforming into a pure electric market, since the worldwide ratio between yearly sales of pure EVs and plug-in hybrids changed from 56:44 in 2012 to 60:40 in 2015, and reached 69:31 in 2018.